Sprained ankle: symptoms, causes, treatment, and recovery time
Almost everybody in this world has faced face a little pain in their ankle while walking it because they are either twisted or turned in an awkward way which our whole leg was unable to handle. This whole twist and turn of the tissue in the ankle can sometimes lead to a rupture in the ligament which was responsible for holding ankle bones together.
The tissue helps to keep the bones together due to which our joint works and move properly. A little bit of tear in a ligament can lead to disturbance in the motion of the entire portion. The sprained ankle mostly happens when the tissue and bones go beyond that particular motion. The sprained ankle can be both internally that is a ligament tear or externally that a twist in a bone structure.
Few symptoms relate to a sprained ankle.
The symptoms of sprained ankle differ from person to person depending upon how severe the pain is. Sometimes the twist in the ankle heals with hours and sometimes it takes days so the basic symptoms might be the same but the severity level can be different.
- Pain, especially when you bear weight on the affected foot
- Tenderness when you touch the ankle
- Restricted range of motion
- Instability in the ankle
- Popping sensation or sound at the time of injury
If the severity of the symptoms increases then the pain might be equal to that of breaking the bone. In adult’s the sprain in the ankle is common but in children’s also the sprained ankle is caused due to some minute reasons such as
- uneven walking
- pain in ankle
- Changes in every level of walking.
- Sometimes due to tenderness in the bones, there might be a fracture in the bones of the baby.
Causes of Sprained ankle are:
As discussed earlier sprained ankle is a condition which is commonly occurred when the whole ankle gets twisted or there’s a tear in a ligament. Some basic causes can also be reason of sprained ankle such as
Falling can be the major reason why people usually get sprained ankle and by the way the height while falling is not yet determined so if the person falls from a very tall place the severity of the ankle twist will be a lot more than that of pain which will be after falling from a shorter height. Falling while running or during exercise also falls under the falling category.
The overuse of the ankle can be another major reason why people tend to get the sprained ankle. In overuse, there belongs a lot of leg work and less resting due to which at the end of the day all the pressure gets on the ankle and it starts getting sore and causes pain.
3. Previous ankle sprain
An ankle sprain is of many types some of them are acute while some of them are having a huge impact on the entire leg. The acute ankle sprain is a minute ankle sprain that can easily be recovered within 2 3 hours but what if that ankle sprain is not properly healed and people are still putting the same amount of pressure on the ankle which indeed causes a severe ankle sprain.
Treatments and medication regarding ankle sprain:
Treating an ankle sprain is sometimes easy and quite difficult at the same time because sometimes a little ice pack can heal the swelling and pain of the ankle but sometimes that same ankle sprain can last for 3 4 days which will be very dangerous to handle.
1. RICE protocol
Rest, ice, compression, and elevations. In the RICE protocol, one should rest his or her ankle for a while applying some ice over it because ice helps in reducing the swelling then followed by compression and elevations over the respective ankle.
The exercise will stretch the respective muscles such as ankle circles, toe raises, or heel raises. After the surgery or the ankle sprain, the doctors usually suggest performing some minute exercise to keep the blood flowing and prevent it from swelling.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen can ease pain and reduce swelling.
Few respective Medicines for ankle sprain are:
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others)
- naproxen sodium (Aleve, others)
- acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Recovery regarding ankle sprain:
The ankle sprain can be of different types the phases of the ankle sprain are categorized into grade 1, grade 2, and grade 3.
- The grade 1 ankle sprain might take few weeks to heal say 1 to 3 weeks.
- The grade 2 ankle sprain might take 3 to 5 weeks to heal.
- The grade 3 ankle sprain might take few months to heal.
So in conclusion, an ankle sprain can happen to anybody who has a bad walking structure. The ankle sprain can be ignored because that same ignored sprain can cause permanent damage to the ankle so it’s highly suggested that one should always consult a doctor even if there a minute ankle sprain.