Advances of Cuban Orthopedics Mark Guidelines on the World

The advances of Cuban orthopedics has marked a guideline on the world medical scene and consolidated global reputation for their remarkable progress in research and application of novel techniques that placed the archipelago at the height of the most developed nations. So gave it a glimpse in Cuba Contemporánea Magazine the interview with the President of the Cuban Society of Orthopedics and Traumatology, doctor and Professor Rodrigo Álvarez Cambras, who highlighted the successes experienced by the island in this field.

Among the most outstanding initiatives of this medical specialty in the country which is at the forefront of the use of external fixators to treat various types of injuries and bone disease, said the eminent physician. Precisely, the doctor Álvarez Cambras is a recognized authority on this issue as the creator of the external fixator RALCA, currently patented in 24 countries. This orthopedic innovation which devised and developed four decades after first confirming its usefulness in experiments with laboratory animals, went on to be used for the first time in humans in 1974. Since then, more than 250,000 patients in Cuba have been favored with these excellent results with external fixators, expressed Álvarez Cambras.

In this sense, these fasteners are used in the treatment of multiple ailment fractures, tumors, and bone infections even for the elongation of the arms and legs, against the dwarfism, congenital deformities and traumatic contraction.

However, Cuba advances in orthopedics are within reach not only of all Cubans, but also patients from other latitudes, said Alvarez Cambras to refer, for example, the case of own external fixators, used in close to half a hundred nations. They are used in almost all of Latin America; in UnitedStates, Canada, France, Spain and Arab and African countries, recognized the also general director of the prestigious International Orthopedic and Scientific Complex Frank Pais.

According to Alvarez Cambras’s opinion, one of the most important management of external fixators is evident in situations of natural disasters or wars, events where – he said – almost 85% of the people affected tend to cater for orthopedics. In this regard, he recalled the use of those fixers in conflicts such as the arisen between Iran and Iraq in the Decade of the eighties or before natural disasters such as the earthquake of 7.6 degrees on the Richter scale that struck Pakistan in October 2005 and which caused more than 73 thousand dead. There, Cuban doctors saved thousands of lives and avoided a high number of amputations of a member due to these devices, said Alvarez Cambras to commemorate the work of more than 2,000 physicians sent by the island, and during eight months attended nearly two million people in this Asian nation.

Equally, the leading Professor emphasized the international cooperation that keeps Cuba in about 22 countries, with the presence of some 250 specialists. He reported which is today boasts more than a thousand and two hundred as a result of the development of this medical specialty in the Caribbean nation in the field of Orthopedics and about 400 in orthopedics training.

In addition to the above, the Republic of Cuba has also pioneered the following orthopidic surgical procedure:

  • Angular deformity of knee
  • Arthroplasty of non-cemented hip
  • Arthroplasty of unilateral knee
  • Hallux Valgus
  • Meniscus Chondromalacia Synovitis Lesions

At the National Extension Workshop conference carried on September 27th, 2017 in the province of Camagüey, doctors from the provinces of Cienfuegos and Sancti Spíritus presented their evidence and application results on the effectiveness of the use of Heberferon for the treatment of Gorlin Syndrome.


Gorlin Syndrome, also known as Nevoid Basal-Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (NBCCS) is an inherited medical condition and a genetic disease involving flaws within multiple body systems such as the skin, eyes, bones, nervous system, and endocrine system and which could lead to the appearances of multiple Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC). In spite of the fact its occurrence is rare, Gorlin syndrome causes extensive deterioration in the quality of life. Gorlin Syndrome conditions usually proceed multiple basal cell lesions.

In his presentation, Dr. Damaris Díaz Leonard, from Cienfuegos, discussed the medical case of a patient suffering from about 200 carcinomas throughout his body, and who has undergone various surgical procedurein the face region which resulted in deformities.

Dr. Leonard was backed by his colleague, Dr. Yilian Castro Maricy who also presented three similar patients suffering from Gorlin Syndrome. In his presentation, Dr. Maricy of the Camilo Cienfuegos Hospital in Sancti Spíritus, offered evidence showing that the application and treatment of these patients utilizing Heberferon has resulted in either total recovery in some lesions and partial and stable recovery in others, as well as the elimination of the possibility of the appearance of new carcinomas.

About Heberferon

Heberferon is an alternative vital to reducing or avoiding recurrent surgical procedures while improving esthetics and quality of life for those suffering from the disease.

Its effectiveness is in its ability to regulate components of the Hedgehodsystem, which is a system that plays a part in embryonic development which, in patients suffering from the Gorlin Syndrome, leads to mutation and tumor production and triggers lesions spread over almost the majority of the skin area.

A new hope for skin cancer patients in Cuba. Skin cancer is a disease which affects the skin due to irregular and harmful formation of skin cells. It can spread to other parts of the human body if not treated in time.

The three types of skin cancer found across the world are as follows:

  • Basal-cell skin cancer (BCC)

It is the most common one in all the three types of cancer. It grows upon the skin with time but is less vulnerable to spread to other parts of the body. This makes it less painless and less critical for the patients.

  • Squamous-cell skin cancer (SCC)

This type of cancer is more critical in comparison to Basal-cell. Also, it is more likely to spread to others parts of the body. It is also susceptible to be turned into an ulcer.

  • Melanoma

The development of this type of cancer starts from the pigment holding cells but can also arise from mouth, eye or an intestine in some cases.


Skin cancer treatment has become a lot more sophisticated and modern with every passing moment. Cuba has advanced an all new medicine called as Heberferon for skin cancer patients. We are well versed with the fact that Cuba is the leading country on the globe with the finest medical research and development personals.

This medicine took 20 years for the medical team to develop. It is a great accomplishment in the field of medicine. This medicine is injected in the patients who are suffering from the skin cancer (except melanoma) with the object of eradicating skin tumor from its roots and preventing the patients from any possible side effects post-surgery.

It reduces the need for surgery in sensitive parts of the human body like eye, ear, and mouth. It is effective in reducing the size and restraining the tumor from growing even larger.


Getting treatment in another country where the patient will be away from their family or friends can affect the patient’s mental health pretty seriously. This is can lead to unwanted stress or tension that can actually aggravate their illness. Therefore it is crucial that one must have a pleasant transition from their home country to Cuba even if you hire a freelancer. There will always be a difference when it comes to languages and culture. But having the right guide to help you through all those hardships makes all the difference.

CubaHeal is adamant is providing you with such a companionship. All the registration and immigration hassles will be made simple. The language barrier won’t affects you at all because CubaHeal will provide you will guides who will help you to communicate with doctors and staffs with ease. Cubaheal aims to eliminate all social boundaries and to ensure proper treatment can be availed by anyone at anytime in Cuba.

Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) is hereditary and a rare condition. The disease causes the cells to deteriorate at the back of the eye (retina) where the images appear. This further causes the complete or partial loss of vision. This disorder is caused by harmful changes in a person’s genes while producing proteins which affect the relevant cells, and is the main reason of loss of cells in the retina.

Photoreceptors are the cells which are adversly effected due to Retinitis Pigmentosa condition. Those define the ultimate fate of light turning into electrical signals and finally into an image by the brain. According to a rough assumption, one in four thousand people are affected with this disease. People affected start to experience this disease from their birth only. You can have difficulty seeing in the dark or during nightime.

An eye doctor can diagnose Retinitis Pigmentosa through an examination of one’s retina. A cataract surgery is the simplest, common and the most successful of all the other surgeries known. But it becomes more complicated when a cataract shows up with the other eye disease. A cataract surgery in this particular case comes with its own risk such as losing the remaining vision. But an eye specialist can calculate the chance of success before performing surgery. So, it depends upon the condition of every patient. Hence, Retinas pigmentosa and Cataract Surgeries go hand in hand.

Retinas pigmentosa and Cataract Surgeries Treatment in Cuba

There are mainly four treatments offered in Cuba to cure Retinitis Pigmentosa which are as follows:


An orbital vascular adipose tissue is implanted in a sclera choroidal pocket in the eye which is believed to increase the blood flow in the eye which can benefit one’s vision. But it is criticized because RP is a cellular condition and it does not have anything to do with blood flow.


Ozone is inserted in the eye of the patient post-operation to increase the level of antioxidants which can help in the recovery process.


Post-surgery treatment includes electric stimulation over the head, neck, and palms of the patient.


Medicines are also prescribed post-operation which are available quite easily in Cuba.

CubaHeal’s role:

CubaHeal is adamant in providing the patient with all the logistical support such processing treatment requests, gaining treatment approval, and booking and visa granting support. Furthermore, our Cuban field team carries translation and personal support services and tasks for the patient and to eliminate all social boundaries and to ensure proper treatment can be availed by anyone at anytime in Cuba.

It is also known as CVD in short. It is related to the complications and diseases in the heart and blood vessels present in a human body. It also includes blood clots which build up in the vessels.

The Various Types of Cardiovascular Diseases

  • Coronary artery disease – It is caused due to the collection of fat/ plaque in the arteries which compromises blood flow to and from the heart.
  • High blood pressure – A constant high blood pressure for a given period can develop severe heart conditions and an increased chance off or a stroke.
  • Cardiac arrest – is the most critical cardiovascular disease in which heart stops beating suddenly which causes unexpected fatality in some situations. The person loss of consciousness and difficulty in breathing are common symptoms.
  • Arrhythmia – is the irregular heart beat which can be slow or fast depending upon the patient’s condition.
  • Peripheral artery disease – is caused due to building up of fat in arteries which transfer blood to the brain and other vital organs.
  • Stroke can cause significant damage to any one side of the brain.
  • Congenital heart disease (CHD) – is a condition that can be affected by a person from birth. The unnatural structure of the heart gives rise to this type of cardiovascular condition.

Cardiovascular Advancements in Cuba

According to a recent study, there has been an excellent 45% fall in cardiovascular deaths from the year of 1970 to 2002 in Cuba. This illuminates the efforts and advancements Cuba has laid in conquering down the mortality rates caused from CVD. Also, and due to these advancements, life expectancy rate has seen on an upward trend in the past few decades. It now stands at 76 years.

The new technologies include percutaneous aortic valves for heart stenosis. This technology replaces older valves which connect the aorta with the left side of the ventricle with new and flexible valves. This does not require any surgeries to be performed. This improves the recovery period for the patient as there are no real wounds. It also decreases the blood loss.

Cuba is also a pioneer in the Nuclear Cardiology and Cardiac Imagery technology. Said technology aids medical teams to calculate the proper medication and the procedure to be followed before the surgery is performed. Cardiovascular treatment has thus improved quite a lot over the past few decades.

CubaHeal’s Role

CubaHeal is adamant in providing the patient with all the logistical support such processing treatment requests, gaining treatment approval, and booking and visa granting support. Furthermore, our Cuban field team carries translation and personal support services and tasks for the patient and to eliminate all social boundaries and to ensure proper treatment can be availed by anyone at anytime in Cuba.

cuba medical tourism ? Cuba has made a mark for itself in the world of health sector providing top quality hospitals as well as medical services at affordable prices. The quality of the medical, as well as professionalism of service providers in the country, has surprised one and all. In fact, Cuba has paved a way for generating revenue through these medical ventures.

cuba medical tourism

Owing to its first class medical services, Cuba has earned a respectable place in popular destinations for medical tourism. Medical tourism is the term coined by travel agents describing the practice of traveling to other countries for getting healthcare.

Medical Tourism in Cuba

Diego Maradona, the football star, made news when he traveled to Cuba for getting treatment for drug addiction in the year 2000. Following his arrival, the world got aware of the quality of healthcare offered in the country.

The country gives best amenities when it comes to cases such as drug abuse, post accidental rehab, eye illness or plastic surgery. There are packages of all kinds for foreign patients.

Good remarks by foreign patients have added feathers in Cuba’s hat when it comes to medical conveniences. Cuba has a long history of turning out highly trained medical teams, including professional doctors and nurses.

These highly experienced medical teams are reputed of treating chronic cases in record time. Moreover, the presence of many healthcare centres near the beaches is a major attraction for foreign patients.

When it comes to financial aspects of getting treated in Cuba, it is a fact that treatment in Cuba is 60 to 80 percent less than the cost in US. Imagine a treatment for a price which is way less than what you would actually pay in your own country.  This is the reason why patients from Europe as well as Latin America visit the country for availing the best of healthcare at such low rates.

The Government of Cuba has also taken steps to improve the medical conveniences in order to attract medical tourists from all over the world. This includes improving the infrastructure and organization of the healthcare sector. After all, a major portion of country’s revenue is earned through medical tourism.

Hospitals equipped with top quality medical equipment, highly proficient doctors, nurses and other medical staff, abundant sunlight, within your means treatments, well organized healthcare department t, beautiful beaches, and heartfelt hospitality, all add up to the temptations of traveling to Cuba for medical treatments.

team Cuba of medical care in the world

Cuba continues to enjoy the reputation of top provider of medical care in the world. Its medical programs, as well as its egalitarian approach to medicine as a matter of humanitarian principle, remain unmatched.

This is no small thanks to the quality medical education provided to its more than 2,500 trainees from the Middle East, Africa and Latin America, which includes 700 doctors that are enrolled in 43 specialized courses offered by the Ministry of Public Health.

A network of 13 universities across the country provide this education through a unique model of preventative medicine that integrates medical theory and practice with a community-based approach not provided anywhere in the world, including in the global north.

Students are taught to value the importance of international solidarity and collaboration in their work. For example, a group assignment might require that students from different regions of the world collaborate to provide medical assistance to neighbourhoods in need. In order to work effectively together, undergraduate students receive Spanish language training at a preparatory school in the capital upon arrival. Once they learn to work together as a team, they are also assessed together as a team; if two colleagues from Latin America perform better than two from Palestine, for example, they are often sent back into the field with strict instructions to uplift and support their Palestinian “companeros.”

In addition to a sense of international solidarity, students are taught to develop a conscious awareness of social and environmental factors related to health. Learning about the interconnectedness of social and economic disenfranchisement with issues such as gun violence, police brutality, addiction and poverty serves as a reflection of Cuba’s commitment to social justice and a better world since its revolution.

Interested applicants are encouraged to visit the following links:

For Diabetic Foot Ulcer, Heberprot-P is a drug developed by the Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB) in 2007 in Cuba.

Diabetes is no longer considered life threatening, nonetheless diabetes and complications due to diabetes, when not under control, remain to be sixth leading cause of death having a higher mortality rate than some cancers such as prostate cancer, breast cancer and colon cancer. Of the most common and most severe complications of diabetes is diabetic foot ulcer which affects an approximate 15% – 20% of people with diabetes and frequently leads to amputation of the lower limb (about 84% of lower extremity amputation is due to this condition).


Diabetic foot ulcer occurs when an ulcer or a wound develop in an area in the lower legs or feet which do not heal or are difficult to treat leading to the exposure of the underlying tissue and becoming susceptible to infections..

Symptoms and Rating

It is not uncommon for people with diabetes to have diabetic foot ulcers for some time without being aware of the development.  Some of the symptoms to look for include:

  • Thick yellow toenails
  • Bad odor from foot
  • Tight skin, swelling, redness or other infection symptoms
  • Difficulty walking
  • Muscle pain or cramps that occur with activity and go away with rest
  • discoloration of foot
  • Ulcers or sores on the foot

Based on the Wagner Grading System, diabetic foot ulcers are rated between 0 to 5:

  • 0 – the foot is normal but is at risk of developing diabetic foot ulcers
  • 1 – slight ulceration without infection
  • 2 – ulcers with exposed tendons and joints
  • 3 – large scale ulceration with infection
  • 4 – gangrene of toe(s) or forefoot
  • 5 – hind-foot or mid-foot gangrene


One of the main contributing factors to developing diabetic foot ulcer is peripheral neuropathy.(nerve damage) which arises due to an increase, ever a slight one, in blood sugar level.  Due to nerve damage and loss of sensations and the ability to feel pain, foot damage, even from such simple things as pressure from shoes or a small cut, go unnoticed and unprotected resulting in worsening skin loss, blisters and a possibility of a serious infection than may progress in a matter of days.

Narrowing of the arteries (peripheral arterial disease) due to diabetes reduces the blood supply to the feet and is another diabetic complication that contribute to the development of diabetic foot ulcers. An injury to an area with poor blood circulation takes longer to heal and is more difficult to treat making it prone to developing ulcers or gangrene (decomposition of cells due to lack of blood flow).


A number of studies have shown that  diabetic patients have a decreased amount of growth factor concentrations, mainly epidermal growth factor (EGF). Naturally found in the body, EGF stimulate and promote cell growth and regeneration by binding to its receptors -epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR).  Epidermal growth factor acts as a healing agent in that it speeds wound recovery  by triggering the synthesis of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid.

It follows then for diabetic people with a reduced amount of EGF have more of a likelihood to have impaired wound healing to such extremes as to develop severe complications that may require amputation of the lower limb.


Heberprot-P is an innovative Cuban product with EGF as the main ingredient given to patients suffering from ulcers that are non healing and non responding to other conventional treatments. It  remains to be the only alternative treatment to amputation for diabetic foot ulcers.  About 160,000 diabetic foot ulcer patient have been treated with Heberprot-P with success reducing the the risk of amputation by 77%.

The use of Heberprot-P for diabetic foot ulcers has a significant influence on a patient’s overall quality of life in that it not only accelerates the healing process, reduces the number of surgeries needed for the removal of damaged tissue and reduces the risk of development of such complications as infections and gangrene but it also reduces risk of amputation and reduces hospitalization costs.

Heberprot-P is parenteral administered and is free of preservatives. It has demonstrated a favorable risk–benefit and has proven to be well tolerated with mild to moderate side effects, with pain and burning sensation at administration site the most frequent.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Heberprot-P was registered in Cuba in 2006 and is now registered in 15 other countries, making it possible to treat more than 100,000 patients; applications for its registration are under review in other countries, including Brazil, China, the Russian Federation, South Africa and the Arab states of the Persian Gulf.

Heberprot-P has won the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Gold Medal and the Best Young Inventor Award at the International Invention Exhibition in Geneva, Switzerland.

Psoriasis is an incurable but treatable skin condition. One of the most effective treatments is Coriodemina, a water soluble gel developed in Cuba by Dr. Carlos Miyares Cao, world-renowned researcher holding a doctorate in Medicine from the University of Havana, Cuba, with a specialty in Gynecology, Obstetrics and Pharmacology and  is Senior Research with approximately 100 research studies. Coriodemina is an extraction from the human placenta and works by inhibiting the development and regulating the speed of reproduction of skin cell. Cubaheal further adds that Coriodemina has been shown to be effective in about 84.6% of the time with some reporting complete disappearing of lesions after 2 years of application. 

Psoriasis, An Overview

Psoriasis is a chronic non-contagious skin disease in which skin cells rapidly increase creating red patches usually with white or silvery scaly flakes. Under normal conditions, skin grows slowly and flakes off approximately every 4 weeks. With psoriasis however, skin grows at a much faster rate and flakes off in days as opposed to weeks. A histological study (a microscopic study of the anatomy of cells) of the plaques has shown signs of abnormal thickening of the outer layer of the skin (hyperkeratosis), retention of nuclei of  the cells in the outer layer of skin (parakeratosis) and a benign growth with an abnormal concentration of white blood cells (T- cells) containing particles in its cytoplasm in the corneal layer of the skin. Psoriasis can develop at any age though it more often appears between the ages of 15 and 35.  It develops equally in men and women and is found among all races and ethnic groups.

Psoriasis Types

Psoriasis can differ from one person to another but will most likely be one of the following types:

  • Plaque Psoriasis: Also known as Psoriasis Vulgaris and is characterized by white or silver scales that itch excessively. Though this type can develop on any part of the body it is usually found on elbows, knees, scalp and lower back. This is the most common type of psoriasis.
  • Guttate Psoriasis: This type of psoriasis often starts in childhood usually after upper respiratory infection such as strep throat, skin injury and/or stress. Guttate psoriasis is characterized by small red drop like spots most often found on the arms, thighs, scalp and lower back. This is the second most common type of psoriasis and may resolve on its own but at times may recur.
  • Pustular Psoriasis: One of the most uncommon type of psoriasis and is characterized by pus filled pustules and can be localized, mostly on palms or soles of feet, or it can be generalized covering the whole body.  This type of psoriasis can be triggered by taking or stopping medication such as steroids, pregnancy, exposure to a high dosage of ultraviolet rays, stress and/or exposure to certain chemicals. 
  • Psoriatic Arthritis: In addition to the skin plaques from psoriasis, people with psoriatic arthritis also have to endure inflammation and stiffness of the joints. It is possible to have plaque flare up without joint pain or joint pain without psoriasis flare ups. About one third of people with psoriasis have or will develop this type psoriasis.
  • Inverse Psoriasis: This is a type of psoriasis that shows up in skin folds in which friction and/or perspiration is a regular occurrence. Armpits, under breasts, buttocks and the genitals are the most common areas in the body in which this type forms. Inverse psoriasis is characterized by red, smooth and shiny lesions.
  • Erythrodermic Psoriasis: Though this type of psoriasis is one of the rarest it is one of the most severe and dangerous.  It is characterized by a widespread redness resembling a burn. This type can develop due to the use of certain medication such as steroids or the sudden termination of systemic psoriasis medication. It can also be the result of hard to control or poorly controlled psoriasis. A person with this type usually needs to be hospitalized since the skin can no longer protect the body from infections and can no longer regulate body temperature. 

Psoriasis Triggers

 Causes of psoriasis is still not fully understood though it is believed to be an immune system problem where by healthy cells are mistaken for ones that the body needs to defend against. Though there is a leaning towards psoriasis being the product of genetics and though about one out of ten people are genetically predisposed to get psoriasis, only %2 – %4 of the world’s population develop psoriasis leading researchers to conclude that it is a combination of environmental triggers and genetic disposition that is responsible for its development. Usually, psoriasis outbreaks begin or worsen by having certain identifiable (and at times avoidable) triggers such as:

  • Infection such as skin infection or strep throat
  • Excessive alcohol consumption and/or smoking
  • Injury to the skin
  • Cold weather
  • Stress
  • Certain medication such as lithium
  • Family history
  • Obesity

Psoriasis and Emotional Stress

In addition to dealing with the physical pain and discomfort brought upon by psoriasis, many sufferers of this skin condition have to also deal with emotional and psychological issues. Those with psoriasis, especially those with visible or whole body flare ups often times feel isolated and excluded with a large number of people reporting that it has a significant negative impact on daily lives. Low self esteem, anxiety, lack of confidence and depression is very prevalent for people with psoriasis. In fact, some studies have shown that psoriasis detracts more from the quality of daily life than does life threatening diseases such as heart disease. The severe itchiness, painful and at times bleeding lesions can make sleeping, walking and dressing among other regular daily routines difficult to achieve.  There is also the general sense of embarrassment not only due to appearances, but also because of a common misconception among the general public about the diseases so much so that sufferers of this condition may not be allowed into certain public areas such as swimming pools or people move away from them in a crowded area.  

Psoriasis Treatment

Psoriasis is an incurable disease but can be controlled or cleared by different types of topical treatment (applied on the skin) or systemic treatment (throughout the body).  One of the most effective treatment is a water soluble gel, Coriodemina, developed in Cuba by Dr. Carlos Miyares Cao who is responsible for discovering that the human placenta has within it a substances for treating vitiligo, psoriasis and alopecia.

Coriodemina is applied directly on the psoriatic area which is then absorbed by the dermal level (the second layer of skin that works as first defense against heat, light, infections and injuries). Its effectiveness is due to the fact that it inhibits the development of psoriatic lesions by regulating the speed the epidermic cells reproduce and by neutralizing small molecules important for cell signaling and communicating (such as cytokines and neuropeptides). As with most treatments, the effectiveness of Coriodemina depends on the age of the patient; the percentage of affected area; the length of time the patient has been suffering from psoriasis and the correct application of the treatment.  Although Coriodemina is safe and can be used on children, pregnant or nursing women and the elderly with no side effects, it is recommended that it should not be used before consulting with a specialist in order to be given the exact amount needed and so as to be given exact instruction on how to apply it in a way that would serve each individual case better.

melagenina plusVitiligo is generally thought of as an incurable disease and at most, people who suffer from this skin condition can only be treated in the hope of improving the appearance of the affected area. Melagenina Plus is an ointment developed in Cuba, has been shown to be effective in about 86% of the time. Indeed, the success of this ointment has lead the the Cuban government in 1987 to establish International and National Clinical Services in order to deal with increased demand for treatment of vitiligo both locally and internationally. Cubaheal asserts that a 100 patients from about 90 different countries a month seek this treatment in Cuba.

What is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin disorder whereby white spots are produced on different parts of the body due to lack of pigment known as melanocytes (cells responsible for color) in the skin. The areas that are more likely to be affected by vitiligo are the face, neck, hands, legs and genitals. However, this skin condition has been shown on different occasions to affect the mucous membranes such as the skin inside the mouth and the nose, and sometimes it can develop on the scalp causing the hair in the area to become white in color.

What are the types of Vitiligo?

Vitiligo can appear in three different ways on the body:

  • Generalized Vitiligo: A widespread De-pigmentation of spots occurring in a symmetrical way on both sides of the body. This pattern is the most common type.
  • Focal Vitiligo: De-pigmentation of one or more spots in one area on the skin most common on knees, fingers, elbows, lower back and genitals.
  • Segmental Vitiligo: De-pigmentation of one or more spots on one side of the body. This pattern is the least common.

What causes Vitiligo? 

The cause of this skin disease is still unknown though some  studies point to a number of contributing factors such as autoimmune reaction, stress, genetics, exposure to certain chemicals, viral causes and sunburn. However, vitiligo tends to be more common among people with hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland),  pernicious anemia (deficiency in red blood cells)  and adrenocortical insufficiency (adrenal gland do not produce a sufficient amount of steroid hormones) . It is important to keep in mind that these theories have not been proven as of yet. It is also important to note that this skin disease is not contiguous and can not be transmitted from person to person.

Who is affected by Vitiligo?

It is estimated that 1% of the world’s population have this skin condition. Vitiligo usually develops in people between the ages of 10 and 40 and is rare to be diagnosed in infants and the elderly. It has no ethnic, racial or gender boundaries and has been found even in the remotest parts of the world.

How is the quality of life affected?

Though vitiligo has not been shown to cause any medical concerns, pain or irritation nonetheless this skin condition often times leaves patients with a devastating number of emotional and psychological scars, especially for those whose vitiligo is in exposed areas such as the face or hands. It is not uncommon for people with this skin disease to feel stigmatized and ashamed. Many may feel devastated, anxious, depressed and may continuously worry over their social standing as well as their career options due to being overly concerned by negative judgment they feel others will have of them because of their physical appearance. Needless to say, for a number of people with this condition low self esteem and lack of self confidence is a daily battle.

Treatment (melagenina plus)

There are a number of treatments that can help improve the skin condition for people suffering from vitiligo.  One such treatment is Melagenina Plus, an ointment developed in Cuba by Dr. Carlos Manuel Miyares Cao. Dr. Carlos Miyares Cao is world renown and has a doctorate in Medicine from the University of Havana, Cuba with a  specialty in Gynecology, Obstetrics and Pharmacology. In the 1970’s while studying the metabolism of the placenta he discovered a substance that triggers the production of melanocytes (the pigments responsible for color in skin, eyes and hair). He then went on to develop the Melagenina Plus by mixing alcoholic extraction of the human placenta with Melagenina and calcium chloride. Indeed, this ointment is thought of as the medication for vitiligo closest to a cure for the fact that it works by triggering the reproduction of melanocytes around the borders and/or inside the area affected by the diseases. When applied properly, results can be seen within 3 to 7 days. What’s more, Melagenina Plus is safe and can be used on children, pregnant or nursing women and the elderly with no side effects. However, it is important to keep in mind that no treatment is effective 100% of the time and that success of Melagenina Plus depends on the age of the patient; the length of time the patient has been suffering from vitiligo; body part affected and proper application of the ointment.  It is recommended that this ointment should not be used before consulting with a specialist in order to be given the exact amount needed and so as to be given exact instruction on how to apply it in a way that would serve each individual case.

In short words

CubaHeal Medical is a global organization specialized in facilitating medical treatments, medical education, in addition to patient and student care in the Republic of Cuba. CubaHeal is a loyal supporter of the Republic of Cuba, the Cuban people, the Cuban revolution, and the Cuban revolutionary leadership.


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