Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. Cuba is considered to have some of the most experienced ophthalmologists in both surgical and medical ophthalmology who undergo six years of medical training and three years residency in the full spectrum of eye-care, medical treatment and complex microsurgery. Currently there are 25 centers in Cuba dedicated to the prevention of eye problems and eye disease as well as treating already existing eye disorders such as cataracts, retinitis pigmentosa and glaucoma.
Cuba’s advancement and contribution in ophthalmology is internationally recognized and has through the development of Operation Miracle, a joint operation between Cuba and Venezuela started on July 8, 2004, improved or restored vision to an estimated 2.2 – 3.4 individuals through simple eye care and eye surgeries. The success of Operation Miracle has prompted the setup of ophthalmological centers in 31 countries with 55 surgical centers mostly in Latin America, the Caribbean as well as some in Africa and Asia. Since 1991, Cuba has become a leader in health tourism for eye surgery and eye care.