Gynaecology, also known as gynaecology, is the branch of medical science that deals with the female reproductive system. As such it is responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, vagina, vulva and breasts. A gynaecologist is specialized and trained in treating a full spectrum of conditions ranging from infertility, contraception, sexual functions, to hormone disorders, infections, menstrual problems and menopause. A large number of gynaecologist are also obstetricians (OB/GYN) in that they give care to pregnant women and growing fetuses, as well as women who want to terminate their pregnancies.
As with all medical and surgical treatment programs, Cuba offers comprehensive treatment programs headed by specialized and highly trained gynecologic teams to meet the health care needs of women experiencing complex and/or sensitive conditions. Depending on the nature of the condition, the Cuban gynaecologist team may choose to treat the disorder medically or surgically and, for some conditions, may opt to use minimally invasive surgery decreasing the length of hospital stay and length of recovery.
It is essential that for women over the age of 18 to have a yearly gynaecological examination in order to identify and detect potential health problems, mainly certain cancers, especially breast and cervical cancers. This is important even though some women may not be aware of any underlying gynaecological problems that they may have so as to eliminate the risk of having undiagnosed conditions that may have an impact on the reproductive and sexual health of the individual.