Neurological Cancer Medical Program
Together the brain and the spinal column make the central nervous system (CNS) whereby the brain acts as the control centre of the body while the nerves in the spinal cord act as a messenger between the brain and body. Both the brain and the spinal cord are enclosed in a protective bony structure (the skull and the spinal column). There are a number of different types of CNS tumours which may be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign) both of which can put enough pressure as to cause severe to life-threatening symptoms and can have serious effects on normal functions such as thought and movement.
Primary brain tumours are those that have their origins in the brain cells and though they often do not spread outside of the CNS they can spread rapidly throughout the brain tissue and spinal cord. There are two grades to primary tumours the first is a low-grade tumour which is usually a slow growing and doesn’t usually spread to neighbouring tissue; the second is a high-grade tumour which grows at a faster rate and can spread to neighbouring tissue and to other parts of the CNS. Low-grade tumours can sometimes develop into high-grade ones.
Secondary brain tumours are when a cancer has originated from another part of the body, such as the lungs, breasts, colon and has metastasized (spread) to the CNS. Secondary cancers are more common than primary ones.
Treatment for CNS tumours is dependent on the type, size and grade of the tumour, location of the tumour, age and overall health of the person. Neurosurgery for the removal of the tumour and possibly neighbouring tissue remains as the main treatment for CNS tumours.
The following neurosurgeries for the treatment of CNS are offered:
Anaphasic gliomas of cerebral hemispheres
Low-grade malignant gliomas of cerebral hemispheres
Craniocerebral metastatic tumors
Spinal cord metastatic tumor
Intramedullary Vascular Lesions
Optic pathway tumors
Tumors of the fourth ventricle and cerebellar hemispheres
Tumours of the cerebral ventricles
Pineal Region Tumours
Tumours of the Skull Base